The scale of mining activities today is greater than ever but so are its environmental and social impacts. Over the past few decades mining has contributed to millions of hectares of land degradation worldwide. Open-pit mining transforms productive landscapes into ruined wastelands with disastrous consequences for biodiversity, climate, water and soil resources and the livelihoods and health of local people. Yet this is a solvable problem.
Prof. XU Jianchu’s team from Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences (KIB/CAS) and World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF) have developed and tested a complete set of planning tools and restoration technologies which can return mining sites to full ecological functioning and productivity. These tools include next-generation technologies for seedling nurseries, genebank resources for climate-smart agroforestry species selection, investment decision analysis and institutional arrangements for restoration and eco-friendly income generation. (ICRAF Blog)
Genebank resources for climate-smart agroforestry species selection (Image by KIB)
Next-generation technologies for seedling nurseries (Image by KIB)
Prof. Dr. XU Jianchu
Key Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology
Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences