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Researchers discuss the Chemistry and Biological Activity Progress of Polycyclic Polyprenylated Acylphloroglucinols
source:State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resources in West China     author:XU Gang     2018-02-27

Polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs), possessing highly oxygenated acylphloroglucinol-derived cores decorated with isoprenyl or geranyl side-chains, are a group of structurally fascinating and synthetically challenging natural products that collectively exhibit a broad range of biological activities.  

The type of acyl groups, the number and position of isoprenyl substituents, the degree of oxidation of isoprenyl side chains and corresponding locations of etheric rings, and different types of secondary cyclization (such as aldol, Diels-Alder, etc.) create PPAPs' structural diversity and complexity.  

Interestingly, this special class of hybrid natural product has been exclusively isolated from the plants of family Guttiferae withonly a few exceptions (see details of the review). In recent years, the fascinating chemical structures and intriguing biological activities of PPAPs have attracted widespread attention in terms of organic synthesis, phytochemistry, and biological evaluation. 

Prof. XU Gang's group from Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sicnences (KIB/CAS) has been committed to the investigation of the structure and bioactivity of PPAPs since 2008.  

This group has investigated 16 Hypericum and Garcinia plants, published 15 kinds of PPAPs with novel skeletons, and found many PPAPs with remarkable bioactivities.  

They have also accomplished biomimetic structural transformation of a number of PPAPs and also revised some of their structures. A total of 23 research papers have been published in  journals such as Chemical Communications and Organic Letters, and four patents have been declared by this team. 

In addition, seven of their published molecules have been selected as "Hot off the press" in Natural Product Reports. Their research work promoted the research progress of natural PPAPs effectively. 

In view of the contribution of XU's team in PPAPs field, Chemical Reviews, an authoritative review in the field of chemistry, invited them to review the progress of natural PPAPs. 

This review discussed the progress of research into the chemistry and biological activity of 421 natural PPAPs, as well as in-depth studies of biological activities and total synthesis of PPAPs. In addition, all the structures of type C PPAPs were revised to corresponding type A structures and a new classification of PPAPs were provided (Figure 1).

The relative or absolute configurations of some PPAPs are reassigned or critically commented. Furthermore, the confusing trivial names in PPAPs investigations were consolidated.

This review gives a general insight into the chemistry and biological activities of PPAPs. It not only provides a comprehensive and accurate reference for researchers but also points out challenges for pharmacological studies and organic synthesis.

The study entitled “Research Progress of Polycyclic Polyprenylated Acylphloroglucinols" has been finished and finally received highly praise from peer reviewers.

This review discussed the progress of research into the chemistry and biological activity of 421 natural PPAPs, as well as in-depth studies of biological activities and total synthesis of PPAPs. In addition, all the structures of type C PPAPs were revised to corresponding type A structures and a new classification of PPAPs were provided (Figure 1).

The relative or absolute configurations of some PPAPs are reassigned or critically commented. Furthermore, the confusing trivial names in PPAPs investigations were consolidated.

This review gives a general insight into the chemistry and biological activities of PPAPs. It not only provides a comprehensive and accurate reference for researchers but also points out challenges for pharmacological studies and organic synthesis.

 

 

Figure 1. Structural diverse PPAPs and their biosynthesis network (Image by KIB)

 

 

 

Contact:

YANG Mei

General Office

Kunming Institute of Botany, CAS

Email: yangmei@mail.kib.ac.cn

(Editor: YANG Mei)

 


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