Northern China is a major dairy-producing region in the country. However, milk production is expected to drastically decline by 2050, with losses potentially up to 50% by 2070, because of heat stress in July, says a new study.
Fungi play critical roles in all ecosystems, functioning as decomposers, epiphytes, endophytes, symbionts of plants, and animal and plant pathogens. Despite their importance, they are severely understudied organisms.
A critical, nature-based approach to mitigating climate change has been right at our feet all along, according to a new study revealing that soil represents up 25% of the total global potential for natural climate solutions (NCS) – approaches that absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and lock it into landscapes, including forests, croplands and peatlands.
The orchid mantis, Hymenopus coronatus, which inhabits Southeast Asia, possesses a unique flower-like characteristics, which allows the predator to ambush floral visitors as prey.
Leguminosae (also known as Fabaceae) are the third largest angiosperm family, containing over 19,500 species in ca. 765 genera, as well as one of the most economically important families.
Legumes comprise a huge diversity of morphologies and habits, including tiny annual herbs, vines, shrubs, lianas and long-lived trees.
Legumes are widely distributed around the world, and about 88...
There are 4000-5000 species of parasitic plants in nature, accounting for 1% of angiosperms. Dodders (Cuscuta, Convolvulaceae) are widely distributed holoparasites, and namely, they have very little or no photosynthesis activity.
The Hengduan Mountains (HDM) biodiversity hotspot of China exhibits exceptional plant diversity (about 12,800 seed plant species are recognized), with many different alpine plants present in the subnival zone.
Carotenoids are yellow to red pigments synthesized by all photosynthetic organisms. Lutein, β-carotene, and zeaxanthin are essential carotenoids for human health, serving as provitamin A or retina pigments. Human and animals have to obtain these carotenoids from their diets.
The genus Cuscuta (common name dodder; Convolvulaceae) consists of about 200 species, which are stem parasites. Cuscuta parasites have no roots or leaves and their stems coil around host shoots to form haustoria.